29.03.1923 - 31.12.1994
 
 
 
 
 
26 vxLr] 1973
gfj'kadj ijlkbZ ds uke
ek;kjke lqjtu dk [kr
fç; HkkbZ]
;w¡ rqe bl i= ds vf/kdkjh ugha gks] D;ksafd tc 5&6 eghus ifgys eSaus 50 o"kZ iwjs fd;s Fks rks rqeus eq> ij dksbZ ç'kalkRed ys[k fy[kuk rks nwj jgk] c/kkbZ dh ,d fpëh rd ugha HksthA blhfy, tc rqe fiVdj ^v‚y bf.M;k* ls Åij ds ^fQxj* gks x;s rks eSaus rqEgkjh ekreiqjlh rd ugha dhA lp rks ;g gS fd rqEgkjh fiVkbZ ls eq>s dqN çlUurk gh gqbZ FkhA blfy, fd de&ls&de rqEgkjh ys[kuh ds fy, dqN vkSj u;k elkyk feysxkA

fQj Hkh] cgqr fnuksa ls rqels eqykdkr ugha gqbZ] blfy, ;g lkoZtfud i= fy[ks gh nsrk gw¡ rkfd yksxksa dks ;g ekywe gks tk;s fd rqEgkjs Hkh 50 o"kZ iwjs gks x;s gSaA njvly mez rks pyrh gh jgrh gSA ckr rks miyfC/k;ksa dh gSA bl mez esa rqEgkjh dye us cgqr dqN tkSgj fn[kk;s gSa vkSj mldh otg ls rqEgsa vf[ky Hkkjrh; [;kfr Hkh çkIr gqbZ gSA ij blls D;k gqvk\ rqe vHkh Hkh ,sls edku esa jgrs gks] ftlesa cjlkr dk ikuh pwrk gS] ftlds pkjksa vksj dksbZ f[kM+fd;k¡ ugha vkSj dksbZ edku cukus yk;d dekbZ rqe dj ugha ik;sA mEehn Fkh fd lu~ 72 esa jkT;lHkk ds tks pquko gq, Fks mlesa rqEgkjk Hkh ,d uke gksxk] ysfdu pquko rks rqe yM+ ugha ldrsA tks yksx oksV nsus okys gSa] rqe mudh gh cf[k;k m/ksM+rs gksA vc jk"Vªifr gh rqEgsa euksuhr djsa ;gh ,d fodYi ckdh gSA ogk¡ rd rqEgkjk uke igqapus ds ckotwn if'pe caxky ckth ekj ys x;kA njvly ogka Hkh fcuk Å¡ph flQkfj'k ds dksbZ dke ugha gks ldrkA vxys lky fQj dqN mEehn dh tk ldrh gS] vkSj rqe dqN djksxs ugha] blhfy, bl ys[k ds }kjk mu yksxksa dks ;kn fnykuk pkgrk gw¡ tks ,d ckj fQj bldh igy djsaA pquko yMus dk urhtk rks rqe ns[k gh pqds gksA eq>s flQZ 5 oksV feys Fks vkSj ia- }kjdk çlkn feJ esjh enn blfy, ugha dj lds fd jk"Vªifr M‚- jk/kk-".ku] dkaxzslk/;{k dkejkt rFkk dsUæh; ea=h eksjkjth nslkbZ us Jh ,-Mh- ef.k ds uke cpr oksV nsus dk ijokuk Hkst fn;k FkkA

njvly fl)karksa ls fpids jgus ls dqN gksrk ugha] FkksM+h&cgqr pepkfxfj rks djuh gh iM+sxhA eqlhcr ;g gS fd lÙkk jkst&jkst cnyrh gS vkSj peps dqN bl /kkrq ds curs gSa fd lÙkk ds lkFk muds Hkh jax cny tkrs gSaA rqels ,slk dqN cu lds rks esjh lykg gS fd dqN m|ksx t:j djksA

e-ç- esa jgdj fy[kk&i<+h esa D;k j[kk gSA rqe vxj fnYyh esa jgks rks gks ldrk gS fd vkxs&ihNs ?kweus ls rqEgsa Hkh dksbZ Ld‚yjf'ki fey tk;sA ,dk/k LVsuksxzkQj Hkh fey ldrk gS vkSj dqN lky rd rqe lq[kh jg ldrs gksA ;g rks ge dbZ ckj fopkj gh pqds gSa fd bl rjg dh gsjkQsjh ds fy, fnYyh dk ekSle cgqr vuqdwy iM+rk gSA

fl)karksa ls rks eSa Hkh cgqr fpidk gqvk gw¡A ysfdu v[kckjksa dh gkyr ;g gS fd eg¡xkbZ dk ,d >ksadk Hkh ugha lg ldsA fiNys lky dqN cM+s v[kckjksa us vius foKkiu&nj c<+k fn;s rks gekjs tSls cgqr&ls NksVs v[kckj foKkiu ekdsZV ls vkmV gks x;sA ljdkj dh ge t:j nkn nsrs jgrs gSa tks Hkys gh dqN u djs] ysfdu NksVs v[kckjksa ds lkFk gennhZ t:j crkrh jgrh gSA rqEgkjh n'kk blls dqN vyx ughaA rqEgkjh ys[kuh ij [kq'k gksdj rqEgsa gj lky ,d&nks iqjLdkj fey tkrs gSa vkSj bldk ;g vFkZ yxk ysuk pkfg, fd rqe blls vf/kd vkSj dksbZ vis{kk er djksA

esjh lykg ekuks fd viuh dqfVyrk NksM+ nksA vkSj rqe blls ckt ugha vkrsA vHkh tc rqe fiVs Fks rks tcyiqj uxj la?k pkyd ncMxk¡odjth us rqEgsa vk'oLr fd;k Fkk fd Hkfo"; esa rqEgkjs lkFk ,slh fdlh ?kVuk dh iqujko`fÙk ugha gksxhA cspkjs ncMxk¡odjth dk lh/kk vk'k; ;g Fkk fd vxyh ckj la?k rqEgkjh j{kk djsxk vkSj ,d rqe gks fd bldk ;g vFkZ yxk fy;k fd rqEgkjh ifgyh fiVkbZ la?k ds Lo;alsodksa us gh dh FkhA blhfy, rks guqeku oekZ dk dguk gS fd ge yksx rqEgkjk tks ej.kksijkUr lkfgR; çdkf'kr djsaxs] mldk uke 'ijlkbZ xzaFkekykÓ u j[kds ^ijlkbZ fo"koeu* j[ksaxsA dkSu tkurk gS fd rqe gesa ;g ekSdk nksxs ;k ugha ;k ge yksx gh ifgys py nsaxsA

fiVus ds ckn rqeus iqfyl }kjk dqN u fd;s tkus dh xqgkj yxkbZ gSA vQlksl gS fd 'ks"kukjk;.k jk; ds ekeys ds vuqHko ls rqeus dqN ugha lh[kkA njvly] iqfyl len'khZ gSA vxj dHkh rqe fdlh iqfyl Fkkus ds lkeus ls fudys gksxs rks ,d cM+s ls cksMZ ij rqeus ^ns'kHkfä vkSj tulsok* i<+k gksxkA ckr lh/kh&lh gSA tulsok dk eryc gksrk gS& cgqtu fgrk;] cgqtu lq[kk;A rqe ,d gks vkSj fiVkbZ djus okys vusdA ,d dk lkFk nsuk tulsok ugha gksrhA ftl i{k ds yksx T;knk gksa mudk lkFk nsuk gh tulsok dk çrhd gS] vkSj ogh ns'kHkfäA bruh NksVh&lh ckr rqEgkjh le> esa cgqr ifgys vk tkuh pkfg, FkhA

rqEgkjk [;ky gS ¼vkSj cgqr yksx Hkh ,slk gh lksprs gSa½ fd rqe cgqr vPNs O;aX;f'kYih gksA eSa Hkh rqEgsa t‚u jfLdu dh dksfV dk le>us yxk FkkA ysfdu vkt fdrkcsa myVrs&iqyVrs le; rqEgkjh ,d fdrkc ^g¡lrs gSa jksrs gSa* gkFk yx x;hA Ms<+ #i;s dh bl fdrkc dks rqeus eq>s nks #i;s esa cspk Fkk ml ij rqjkZ ;g fd çFke i`"B ij ;g fy[k fn;k ^nks #i;s esa HkkbZ ek;kjke dks lLusg*A vkB vkuk dh bl Bxh dks rqe O;aX; ds vkoj.k esa Nqikuk pkgrs gksA

T;ksa&R;ksa djds rqEgsa lkfgR; lEesyu esa yk;sA rqeus dqN vPNs dke Hkh fd;sA ysfdu jktuk¡nxk¡o lEesyu dks lcls cM+h miyfC/k rqeus vknj.kh; M‚- cynso çlknth feJ }kjk fn;s x;s Hkkst dks ekukA lEesyu ds v/;{k ia- çHkqn;ky th vfXugks=h dks Hkh rqeus ugha NksM+kA ,slh fLFkfr esa re lkfgR;dkjksa ds chp esa dSls ^ikiqyj* gks ldrs gksA blfy, ¼Jh guqeku oekZ {kek djsa½ guqeku dk [;ky gS fd ftls rqe O;aX; le>rs gks] njvly os pqVdqys gSaA
lkfgR; dh ckr NksM+ksA eSa rqEgsa rqEgkjs gh vkbZus esa ns[kuk pkgrk gw¡A dqN ,slh vknrsa gSa ftUgsa rqe ;k rks fcYdqy NksM+ ldrs gks ;k lhfer dj ldrs gksA ;g t:jh ugha fd 'fddÓ feyus ij gh vPNs lkfgR; dh jpuk dh tk ldrh gSA eSaus ,slk dqN ugha fd;kA blds ckn Hkh Jhcky ikaMs; us eq>s vPNk lEiknd vkSj dfo eku fy;kA ;g ,d ,slh lykg gS ftl ij vey djus ds fy, eSa ckj&ckj rqels vkxzg djrk jgk gw¡A

rqEgkjs lkfgR; dk D;k ftØ d:¡A og vius vki esa le`) gS vkSj fdlh dh ç'kalk dk eksgrkt ughaA cgqr&ls O;aX;dkj okD; ds okD; mM+k ysrs gSa vkSj Louke/kU; v[kckjksa esa os Ni Hkh tkrs gSaA vxj rqEgkjk lkfgR; bl yk;d u gksrk rks og pksjh D;ksa dh tkrhA

FkksM+k fy[kk] cgqr ck¡pukA 51oha tUexzafFk ij esjk vfHkuUnu yks vkSj u;s cjl ds fy, dqN vPNs ladYi djksA
rqEgkjk
ek;kjke lqjtu

jk;iqj 7 flrEcj] 1973
¼c½ [kqys i= dk [kqyk tokc%
ek;kjke lqjtu dks ijlkbZ dk

I;kjs HkkbZ]
ns'kcU/kq jk;iqj&tcyiqj esa rqEgkjk [kqyk i= esjs uke i<+kA

vkf[kj ge yksx o"kZxk¡Bksa ij ,dk,d /;ku D;ksa nsus yxs\

rqe viuh ijEijk ls gV x;sA rqeus 14&15 laLej.k ys[k fy[ks gSa] mu yksxksa ij tks e`r gks x;s gSaA bl ckj rqeus ,sls fe= ij fy[kk gS] tks ekjk ugha ihVk x;k gSA ;kus rqEgkjh ys[k&çfrHkk rHkh tkx`r gksrh gS tc dksbZ viuk ejs ;k ihVk tk;A

eSa tkurk gw¡ rqe vR;Ur Hkkoqd gksA eSaus rqEgkjh vk¡[kksa ds vk¡lw ns[ks gSaA cu ldk rks iksaNs Hkh gSaA rqeus Hkh esjs vk¡lw iksaNs gSaA ij ge yksx lc foHkkftr O;fäRo ¼fLIyV ilZukfyVh½ ds gSaA ge dgha d#.k vkSj dgha Øwj gksrs gSaA bl rF; dks Lohdkjuk pkfg,A

fiNys 25 o"kksaZ ls ge yksx fe= jgs gSaA ,d&nwljs ds lq[k&nq[k ds lkFkhA ;kj] fuEu&e/; oxZ ds yksxksa ds vyx la?k"kZ gksrs gSaA bls le>saA vc U;wt fçaV ds ladV dk d"V rqe Hkqxr jgs gksA ysfdu rqeus dHkh ^dy* dh ijokg ugha dhA 50 lky dh mez esa rqe <hys D;ksa gks jgs gks\

tgk¡ rd esjk loky gS& eSa ugha tkurk] eq>s ;'k dSls fey x;kA eSaus viuk drZO; fd;kA fiVok;k i=dkjksa fe=ksa us eq>s yxkrkj NkidjA oukZ eSa dgha le>kSrk djds ^eksuksiksyh* esa cSB tkrkA mUgsa ck/; fd;k tkrk gS fd os ^fQ,V* dkj [kjhnsa D;ksafd ;g dEiuh dh bTtr dk loky gksrk gSA

eSa dchj cuk rks ;g lkspdj fd&
dchjk [kM+k cktkj esa fy;s yqdkBh gkFkA
tks ?kj Qw¡ds vkiuksa pys gekjs lkFkAA

lkFk gh&
lqUu egy esa fn;uk okj ys vklu ls er Mksy jh rksgs fi;k feysaxsA

eSa vklu ls ugha Mksyk rks FkksM+k ;'k fey x;kA ij rqEgkjk fy[kuk Bhd gS fd lk/kuk vkSj ;'k ds ckn Hkh esjk ?kj pw jgk gSA ij ;g ge tSls yksxksa dh fu;fr gSA xkfyc us dgk gS&
vc rks nj vks&nhokj is vk x;k lCtk xkfyc]
ge c;kck¡ esa gSa vkSj ?kj is cgkj vkbZ gSA

rks ;g pquus dk ç'u gSA viuh fu;fr eSaus Lo;a pquhA rqeus HkhA eq>s fdlh us ck/; ugha fd;k Fkk fd eSa fy[kw¡ vkSj ,slk ç[kj O;aX; fy[kw¡A ;g esjk viuk fu.kZ; FkkA tks fu.kZ; eSaus [kqn fy;kA mlds [krjs dks le>dj fy;kA mlds ifj.kke Hkksxus ds ,glkl ds lkFk fy;kA

tgk¡ rd jkT;lHkk dh lnL;rk dk loky gS] rqe yM+s vkSj gkjsA ij rqe fopfyr ugha gq,] bldk eSa xokg gw¡A vkSj rqe mlds xokg gks fd jkT;lHkk esa euksuhr gksus dh igy eSaus ugha] ,d cM+s Kkuh jktuSfrd usrk us dh FkhA eq>s vius ,d ?kfu"B fe= dk rkj vkSj Vªad feysA eSa x;k D;ksafd mldk cqykok FkkA ij rc rd dsUæ 'kklu bl vgadkj esa Fkk fd mlus caxky thr fy;k] blfy, fl)kFkZ 'kadj js dh py x;h vkSj esjs leFkZd jktuSfrd iq#"k dh ugha pyhA bfUnjkth us muls iwNk Fkk esjs lEcU/k esaA ij mUgksaus VkyeVksy dk mÙkj fn;kA os tkurs Fks fd mudk voewY;u gks jgk gS vksj fl)kFkZ dh py jgh gS] blfy, eq>s f'kdk;r ugha] os Hkh esjs ys[kd cU/kq gSaA

ckr ;g gS fd ftUnxh dks eSa dkQh vkj&ikj ns[k pqdk gw¡A pfj=ksa dks eSa le>rk gw¡ ojuk ys[kd u gksrkA eSaus mä ckr mu egku jktuSfrd usrk ls dg nhA mudk tokc Fkk] ,slk rks ugha gqvkA eq>ls bfUnjkth us bl lEcU/k esa ckr gh ugha dhA

vc gky ;g gS fd yxHkx 500 fpfë;k¡ Hkkjr Hkj ls esjs ikl vk;h gSaA gj Mkd ls vkrh tk jgh gSaA tokc nsuk dfBu gS ij dqN tokc nsuk t:jh gSA ;g ;'kikyth dh fpëh gSA

fç; ijlkbZ th]
21 twu dh ?kVuk dk lekpkj 15 tqykbZ ds fnueku }kjk feykA vkidh O;aX; çfrHkk dk dk;y o"kksaZ ls gw¡A vkids -f"Vdks.k dk leFkZd HkhA gekjs lekt ds :f<xzLr vU/kfo'okl ds {k; ds mipkj ds fy, vki vuFkd ifjJe ls tks batsD'ku nsrs vk jgs gSa mlds fy, vkHkkj vuqHko djrk gw¡A 21 twu dks vkidh fu"Bk vkSj lkgl ds fy, tks çek.k&i= vkidks fn;k x;k mlds fy, esjk vknj LohdkjsaA vkt ls chl&iPphl lky igys eSa tc ^tu;q)* ;k vU;= ,slk dqN fy[krk Fkk rks Hkkjrh; laL-fr dh ihB esa [katj Hkksadus vkSj fgUnw /keZ Hkkouk ds ân; esa Nqjh ekjus ds vijk/k esa eq>s Hkh /kedh&Hkjs i= feyrs FksA vkids fy, /kefd;k¡ i;kZIr ugha le>h x;haA ;g vkids ç;Ru ls vf/kd lkFkZd gksus dk çek.k gSA
bl mez vkSj LokLF; esa Hkh vkids lkFk okd~ vkSj fopkj Lora=rk ds fy, lc dqN nsus vkSj lgus ds fy, rS;kj gSaA
vkidk ;'kiky
b/kj fdruh gh fpfë;k¡ vk;h gSaA la?k"kkZRed vkSj HkkokRed HkhA ,d nsoh th dh fpëh fd gesa D;k ,glkl Fkk fd vkids lkFk Hkh ,slk gksxkA ij vki rks yM+kdw vkneh gSaA fQj os xkfyc dk 'ksj fy[krh gSa&

;s yk'k csdQu vln&, [kLrk tk¡ dh gS]
gd vkQjr&fd vtc vktkn enZ FkkA
eSa D;k tokc nsrk\

eSaus xkfyc dk nwljk 'ksj tokc esa fy[k Hkstk&

geus ekuk fd rxkQqy u djksxs ysfdu]
[kkd gks tk;saxs ge rqedks [kcj gksus rdA

blls mudh :ekuh Hkkouk dks r`fIr feyh gksxhA

fQj ,d dks eSaus fy[k fn;k&
dkQys rks cgqr rst jkS esa exj]
jgcjksa ds dne yM[kM+kus yxsA

fe= eq>s thou esa vPNs feys] gkyk¡fd 'k=q eSaus T;knk cuk;sA fiNys fnuksa chekj cguksbZ] tks vc nsg R;kx dj x;s gSa] dh lsok djrs&djrs Hkksiky esa chekj iM+k rks jeu dVuh ykSVus ds igys esjs gksVy vk;sA eSa lks jgk Fkk] rks jeu eSustj ds ikl nks lkS #i;s esjs fy, tek djds pys x;sA rqe iwNksxs cguksbZ dks LoxhZ; D;ksa ugha dgrsA eq>s firk dh gh [kcj ugha feyh fd os LoxZ esa gSa ;k udZ esaA

rks fe= ,slk gS fd&
eSa rks rugk gh pyk Fkk tkfucs eafty exj]
yksx feyrs x;s vkSj dkfQyk curk x;kA

;g eafty 'kks"k.kfoghu] U;k;iw.kZ lerkoknh lekt dh LFkkiuk gSA blds fy, eSa çfrc) gw¡A

eSa rqEgkjs thou&la?k"kksaZ dks tkurk gw¡A rqEgkjh ekufld ihM+kvksa dks HkhA fe=] e/; oxZ ds csVs gksdj Hkh rqeus bruk fd;k ;g rqEgkjs gh ne[ke dh ckr gSA ij vc vkxs er c<+kvksA ftruk gS mlh dks lEHkkyks vkSj laokjks] rqe Jh jkexksiky ekgs'ojh dHkh ugha gks ldrsA ;g eSaus rqels igys Hkh dgk FkkA bl mez esa ;kstuk cukdj dke djuk pkfg,A ij rqEgkjk vkSj esjk pfj= ,slk jgk gS fd 50 lky dh mez esa Hkh 20&22 lky ds yMds dh rjg crkZo djrs gSaA gS u\

la?k"kZ eSaus cgqr fd;s gSaA eSa 18 o"kZ dh mez esa ekrk&firk dh e`R;q ds dkj.k NksVs HkkbZ&cguksa dk ekrk&firk gks x;k FkkA blfy, eSa la?k"kksaZ ls Mjk dHkh ughaA tks fLFkfr lkeus vk;h] mlls fuiVkA ;g tks ekeyk esjs lkFk xqtjk mls Hkh eSa ipk x;kA eq>s D;k irk Fkk fd ;'k fy[kus ls vf/kd fiVus ls feyrk gS] ojuk eSa igys gh fiVus dk bUrtke dj ysrkA

lLusg
gfj'kadj ijlkbZ