29.03.1923 - 31.12.1994
 
 
 
 
 
ns'kcUèkq dk jk;iqj laLdj.k 1979 ls vius futh Hkou esa gSA ;g igyh vpy lEifÙk gS tks ckcwth v[kckj ds fy, rS;kj dj lds] ysfdu blds fy, Hkh mUgsa u tkus fdu&fdu eqf'dyksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA ,d çlax dk ftØ rks eSaus fiNys vè;k; esa gh dj fn;k gSA blds vykok vkSj Hkh tks fnDdrsa vkbZa mu lcdk fooj.k ckcwth dh vkRedFkk ^èkwi Nkag ds fnu^ esa ns[kk tk ldrk gSA fdarq ,sls nks çlax ftudk eSa çR;{kn'kÊ gh ugha Hkkxhnkj Hkh jgk gwa dk ftØ laHkor% ;gka fd;k tk ldrk gSA

tc ckcwth us ns'kcUèkq ds fy, v‚QlsV e'khu [kjhnus dh ;kstuk cukbZ rks ;g Hkh vko';d gks x;k fd mlds fy, mi;qä Hkou gksA ugjikjk dh ftl iqjkuh bekjr esa :M+kHkkbZ ds vk'khokZn vkSj muds iq= dkafrHkkbZ dh lTturk ls gekjk dke fudy jgk Fkk] og vc ubZ e'khu vkSj mlds ljbartkeksa ds fy, ukdkQh FkkA Hkw[k.M rks gekjs ikl Fkk] ysfdu ç'u Fkk fd Hkou cukus ds fy, jde dgka ls tqVkbZ tk,A e-ç- foÙk fuxe us e'khu vkSj Hkou ds fy, 52 yk[k #i, dk _.k Loh—r dj fn;k Fkk ysfdu 25 çfr'kr ekftZu euh ;kus rsjg yk[k #i, dk bartke rks djuk gh FkkA gekjs _.k çdj.k esa foÙk fuxe ds {ks=h; çcaèkd Jh oh-,u- xxZ us cgqr gh ln~Hkko dk ifjp; nsrs gq, lgk;rk dh ysfdu ;s vkikrdky ds ckn dk le; Fkk rFkk çsl dh Lokèkhurk dh nqgkbZ nsus okys gesa ijs'kku djus dk dksbZ ekSdk ugha NksM+ jgs FksA

[kSj] rsjg yk[k dh jkf'k ml le; ds fglkc ls cgqr T;knk FkhA gesa vksoj bUok;flax ;k vaMj bUok;flax dk [ksy u rc le> vkrk Fkk] u vkt le> vkrk gSA ,sls le; ns'kcUèkq ds lcls ofj"B lg;ksxh ¼fu;qfä Øe esa½ nqxZ ftyk çfrfufèk èkhjtyky tSu us ,d fopkj lkeus j[kkA mUgksaus v[kckj ds rRdkyhu xzkgd 'kqYd dk xq.kk&Hkkx djds crk;k fd ;fn ge Ng lkS #i, ds vkthou xzkgd cuk ysa rks nks gtkj xzkgdksa ls çkIr jde ls ekftZu euh dk çcaèk gks tk,xkA ;g çLrko ckcwth dks tap x;k] ysfdu mUgksaus ;kstuk jkf'k Ng lkS ds ctk; ,d gtkj dj nhA ;kstuk dk uke Hkh vkthou ds ctk; LFkk;h xzkgd ;kstuk j[kkA ckcwth lfgr lkjs ofj"B lg;ksxh bl ;kstuk dks ewrZ:i nsus esa th&tku ls tqV x,A ge yksxksa us vafcdkiqj vkSj t'kiqj uxj ls ysdj narsokM+k rd dh ;k=k,a dhaA ns'kcUèkq dh viuh lk[k] LoPN Nfo o futh lacaèkksa dk ykHk feykA vfèkdrj yksxksa dks ;gh yxk fd os ^vius* v[kckj dh çxfr esa lgk;d fl) gks jgs gSaA muesa ls cgqr ls yksx vkt Hkh gekjs chp ekStwn gSa vkSj ns'kcUèkq ls mUgsa igys dh rjg vHkh Hkh yxko gSA

tkfgj gS fd bl rjg ls rks jkf'k èkhjs&èkhjs dj vkuk Fkh] ysfdu e'khu dk vkMZj igys ls ns fn;k x;k Fkk] c;kuk iV pqdk Fkk] Hkou dk fuekZ.k Hkh çkjaHk gks pqdk FkkA ,sls le; lsaVªy cSad v‚Q bafM;k us gekjh enn dhA ckcwth ds fe= fxjèkjnkl Mkxk us vius egkçcaèkd vkfn ls ppkZ dj gekjs fy, fczt yksu ;k LFkk;h yksu dk çcaèk dj fn;k rkfd dke #ds uA xzkgd ;kstuk dk iSlk tSls&tSls vkrk x;k _.k [kkrs esa tek gksrk x;kA ^v[k.M vkuan* vkSj ^dY;k.k* tSlh èkkfeZd if=dkvksa esa ,slh ;kstuk,a igys ls rks Fkha ysfdu ns'k esa ,sls lekpkji= }kjk ç;ksx djuk ;g igyk volj FkkA bldh ppkZ VkbEl v‚Q bafM;k vkfn v[kckjksa esa Hkh gqbZA ns'kcUèkq ^i= ugha fe=* dk gekjk nkok lkFkZd gqvkA tc ge xzkgd cukus fudyrs Fks rks etkd esa dHkh&dHkh iwNk tkrk Fkk& vkthou xzkgd vki cukus pys gSa rks fdldk thou ^v[kckj dk* ;k ^gekjk*A ge Hkh mlh Hkko ls tokc nsrs Fks fd euq"; ds thou dk rks dksbZ Hkjkslk ugha] ysfdu bl v[kckj dk thou t:j cgqr yack gSA

tc Hkou cuus dh ckr vkbZ rks Hkwfeiwtu fdl :i esa gks] bl ij Hkh fopkj fd;kA jk;iqj ds rRdkyhu laln lnL; vkSj dsaæh; i;ZVu ea=h iq#"kksÙkeyky dkSf'kd dks eq[; vfrfFk cukuk r; gqvkA os iqjkus lektoknh ,oa yM+kdw tuusrk FksA bl ukrs mudk ge lEeku djrs FksA dkSf'kd th us viuh lgefr ns nhA dkMZ Nidj forfjr gks x, ysfdu ftl lqcg Hkwfeiwtu gksuk Fkk mldh iwoZ jkf= dks mUgksaus vpkud ukxiqj gksrs gq, fnYyh tkus dk çksxzke cuk fy;kA gesa tSls gh lwpuk feyh vkèkh jkr dks eSa vkSj ckcwth muls feyus lfdZV gkml igqapsA ckcwth ds cgqr le>kus ij Hkh os ugha ekusA dkSf'kd th ppkZ lekIr djus dk ekSu ladsr nsrs gq, ckFk:e pys x,A ckcwth Hkh mB [kM+s gq,A eSaus muls vkKk yh fd eSa Hkh muls ,d feuV ckr djds ns[krk gwaA eSa ckFk:e ds njokts ij tkdj [kM+k gks x;kA dkSf'kd th ckgj fudys rks eSaus iwNk rks vki ugha vk,axs rks mUgksaus dgk& gkaA eSa ugha #d ldrkA eSaus fQj dqN mí.Mrk ds lkFk gh dgk& vkt vki laln lnL; gSa] 'kk;n dy ugha Hkh jgsaxs] ysfdu ns'kcUèkq rks fudyrk jgsxk vkSj rc eSa fdlh fnu iwNwaxk fd vkius gekjs lkFk ,slk crkZo D;ksa fd;k FkkA

ns'kcUèkq ds tcyiqj laLdj.k ds Hkw&vkcaVu dk çlax Hkh blh rjg ls dM+os&ehBs vuqHko ysdj vk;kA ,d Hkw[k.M gesa ekSds dh txg ij vkcafVr gks x;k FkkA mlh njE;ku foèkkulHkk pquko lkeus vk x,A ,d fnu ,dk,d çns'k ;qod dkaxzsl ds vè;{k lqjs'k ipkSjh jk;iqj eq>ls feyus vk,A ^vkidks tehu vkcaVu ls ,d oxZ fo'ks"k esa vlarks"k gS] bldk vlj dkaxzslh mEehnokj yfyr JhokLro ds pquko ij iM+sxkA eq[;ea=h pkgrs gSa fd vki fQygky bl Hkw[k.M dks okfil dj nsaA blds cnys vkidks nwljk Hkw[k.M pquko ds ckn vkcafVr dj fn;k tk,xkA* eSa Lo;a fu.kZ; ysus dh fLFkfr esa rks Fkk gh ugha] ckcwth dks [kcj dh rks mudk lqy>k gqvk mÙkj feyk fd ftUgksaus tehu nh gS ogh okfil pkgrs gSa rks dj nsrs gSaA ckn esa tks gksxk ns[kk tk,xkA geus oSlk gh fd;kA pquko gq, rFkk vtZquflag nqckjk eq[;ea=h cusA nks fnu ckn os iatkc ds jkT;iky fu;qä dj fn, x,A fQj nwljk Hkw[k.M feyus esa tks ikiM+ csyuk iM+s mldk vyx gh fdLlk gSA