29.03.1923 - 31.12.1994
 
 
 
 
 
jk;iqj ls yxHkx ikSus nks lkS fdeh dh nwjh ij nqykjikyh uked xkao gSaA vc ;g egkleqan ftys esa gSa vkSj yxHkx Hkqyk fn;k x;k gS] ysfdu ,d le; ,slk Fkk tc nqykjikyh yxkrkj lqf[kZ;ksa esa jgk djrk FkkA 1970 ds n'kd esa bls mUur —f"k ds fy, çns'k ds vkn'kZ xzke dh ekU;rk feyh gqbZ FkhA ns'k Hkj ls —f"k fo'ks"kK vkSj ;kstukdkj ;gka vk;k djrs FksA ml dkykofèk esa vkj-ih- feJ dqN le; ds fy, jk;iqj laHkkxk;qä ds :i esa inLFk jgsA Jh feJ us vius dk;Zdky esa jk;iqj esa dSalj vLirky cukus esa [kklh fnypLih yh FkhA ckcwth ds lkFk mudk vPNk laidZ FkkA feJ th ds vuqjksèk ij ckcwth ,d ckj muds lkFk nqykjikyh dh ;k=k ij x, vkSj ykSVus ds ckn mUgksaus bl vkn'kZ xzke ij mUgksaus foLr`r QhplZ fy[kkA

bl çlax dk ftØ eSaus blfy, fd;k fd ckcwth dks ,d i=dkj ds :i esa fy[kus ds fy, ftl le; vkSj ekufld vodk'k dh vko';drk gksrh gS og mUgsa yacs le; rd ugha fey ik;kA ysfdu u rks Hkk"kk ij mudh idM+ dHkh de gqbZ vkSj u dHkh fo"k; dh xgjkbZ esa tkus ls os pwdsA nqykjikyh okyk Qhpj mudh ç[kj i=dkfjd {kerk dk ,d cf<+;k mnkgj.k gSA ,sls volj os chp&chp esa vius fy, fudkyrs jgsA ,d mnkgj.k dk ftØ esa [kkldj djuk pkgwaxkA 1967 esa oh-oh- fxjh bafnjk xkaèkh ds leFkZu ls funZyh; mEehnokj ds :i esa jk"Vªifr pquko yM+ jgs FksA ns'k ds jktuSfrd bfrgkl dh ;g vR;ar egRoiw.kZ ?kVuk FkhA bl chp ckcwth dk cacbZ tkuk gqvkA cacbZ&gkoM+k esy ls 'kke dks tc os jk;iqj LVs'ku ij mrjs rc rd ifj.kke vk pqds FksA oh-oh- fxjh jk"Vªifr fuokZfpr gks x, FksA pkSchl ?kaVs dh ;k=k djds ykSVs ckcwth us Vªsu ls mrjrs lkFk eq>ls lcls igyk loky ;gh fd;k fd urhtk D;k jgkA mu fnuksa eksckby Qksu oxSjg rks Fks ughaA eSaus urhtk crk;k rks ckcwth us igys n¶rj pyus dk funZs'k fn;kA mu fnuksa gekjs ;gka dkj ugha FkhA fjD'ks ls çsl vk,A ckcwth viuh Vscy ij cSBs vkSj fo'ks"k laikndh; fy[kuk çkjaHk dj fn;kA rhl pkyhl feuV esa mUgksaus vxzys[k fy[kk] fQj larq"V Hkko ls cksys fd pyks vc ?kj pyrs gSaA mudh ;g ltxrk vkSj lfØ;rk ge yksxksa dks Hkh pfdr djus okyh FkhA

ckcwth tc fy[krs Fks rc nks&pkj yksx cSBs Hkh gksa rks mUgsa my>u ugha gksrh FkhA iku dh Vªs lkeus okys dh rjQ f[kldk dj os fy[kus esa e'kxwy gks tkrs FksA ,d vkSj çlax ;kn vkrk gSA JhiSjacnwj esa jktho xkaèkh dh gR;k gqbZA jkr dks çsl ls dksbZ eq>s [kcj djus ds fy, ?kj vk;kA eq>s çsl vkuk gh Fkk ysfdu ;g mfpr le>k fd ckcwth dks Hkh bl =kln ?kVuk ls voxr djk fn;k tk,A eSaus mUgsa èkhjs ls mBk;k vkSj [kcj crykbZA rks os mB [kM+s gq, vkSj cksys nks feuV #dks eSa Hkh lkFk pyrk gwaA ckcwth n¶rj vk,A jkr Hkj laikndh; d{k esa cSBs jgsA lqcg 9 cts ds yxHkx cM+h eqf'dy ls ge mUgsa ?kj tkus ds fy, jkth dj ldsA

mudk fy[kk ,d vkSj fo'ks"k laikndh; eq>s vc rd ;kn gS ^egkçk.k dk egkç;k.k*A tcyiqj esa lsB xksfoannkl dk ghjd t;arh ;k ve`r egksRlo py jgk FkkA eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr lfgr ns'k ds ukeh&fxjkeh ys[kd ogka mifLFkr FksA mlh chp [kcj feyh fd bykgkckn esa fujkyk th dk nsgkolku gks x;k gSA ckcwth rqjar n¶rj vk, vkSj fujkyk th dks J)katfy nsrs gq, çFke i`"B ds fy, ;g laikndh; fy[kkA ikBd vuqeku yxk ldrs gSa fd jktuhfr] lkfgR;] —f"k tSls fofoèk fo"k;ksa ij lkfèkdkj fy[kus okys bl i=dkj dk Kku HkaMkj fdruk foiqy jgk gksxkA ,d vU; mnkgj.k vkSj fn;k tk ldrk gSA laHkor% 1966 esa igyh ckj #i, dk voewY;u gqvkA ml le; jsfM;ks vkSj VsyhfçaVj ds vykok rqjar [kcjsa tkuus dk vkSj dksbZ mik; ugha FkkA tks lhfer tkudkjh feyrh Fkh mlh ds vkèkkj ij rkRdkfyd fo'ys"k.k gks ldrk FkkA ckcwth us vFkZ'kkL= esa viuh iSB dk ifjp; nsrs gq, cryk;k fd voewY;u ftrus çfr'kr fd;k x;k gS mldk M;ks<+k çHkko #i, dh okLrfod dher ij iM+sxk vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk ij fdl rjg çfrdwy vlj gksxkA

ckcwth dk fu;fer ys[ku 1983 ds var esa çkjaHk gqvkA ge muls çFke i`"B ij vkèkk d‚ye dk ,d lkIrkfgd fVIi.kh fy[kokuk pkgrs FksA nks&rhu g¶rs mUgksaus gekjh bPNk ds vuqlkj d‚ye fy[kkA ysfdu tYnh gh mUgksaus mls ,d laiw.kZ d‚ye esa ifjofrZr dj fn;kA ^njvly* 'kh"kZd ;g d‚ye 1994 esa muds fuèku rd yxkrkj pyrk jgkA vius le; esa ;g fgUnh dk lokZfèkd yksdfç; d‚ye cu x;k FkkA ckcwth ds thoun'kZu dk laiw.kZ vkdyu bl ys[ku ls fd;k tk ldrk gSA ^njvly* 'kCn ,d rjg ls ckcwth dk rfd;k dyke FkkA blh ukrs eSaus mUgsa 'kh"kZd lq>k;k tks mUgsa rqjar ilan vk x;kA bl d‚ye ds varxZr mUgksaus nl lky esa yxHkx ikap lkS ys[k fy[ksA ftUgsa iqLrd :i esa çdkf'kr djus dk dke py jgk gSA

1986 dh tqykbZ esa ckcwth dks ckjg fnu cacbZ ds M‚- ,-ch- ckoMsdj ds vLirky esa HkrÊ jguk iM+kA jh<+ dh gìh esa vkbZ eqanh pksV ds dkj.k mudk v‚ijs'ku gksuk FkkA cacbZ jokuk gksus ls igys os ml g¶rs dk d‚ye fy[k x, FksA v‚ijs'ku ds rhljs fnu mUgksaus eq>s dkxt dye ysdj cSBus ds fy, dgk rFkk fMDVsD'ku nsuk 'kq: dj fn;kA d‚ye iwjk gqvkA eSaus iksLV v‚fQl tkdj mls jk;iqj fHktok fn;kA v‚ijs'ku ds fy, fcLrj ij iMk O;fä d‚ye ugha fy[krk rks LokHkkfod ekuk tkrk] ysfdu ckcwth vius ikBdksa ds çfr bl lhek rd mÙkjnkf;Ro ekurs FksA ;g è;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd os fy[krs le; viuh Lej.k'kfä dk gh lgkjk ysrs Fks rFkk mUgsa dHkh uksV~l ns[kus dh t:jr eglwl ugha gksrh FkhA mudh Lej.k 'kfä foy{k.k Fkh fdarq muls rF;ksa dh pwd gksus ds volj fojy gh gksaxsA