29.03.1923 - 31.12.1994
 
 
 
 
 
vius ipkl lky ds i=dkj thou esa ek;kjke lqjtu ds fofHkUu jktuhfrd nyksa vkSj lÙkkèkh'kksa ds lkFk vyx&vyx Lrj ij fj'rs jgsA eq[; ckr ;g gS] fd ,d i=dkj ds :i esa ckcwth us jktusrkvksa ds lkFk lnSo ,d lEekutud nwjh  j[khA ftuds lkFk mudh oSpkfjd lgefr Fkh] mUgksaus dHkh Hkh muds fudV gksus dk ç;Ru ugha fd;k] vkSj u gh ftuls O;fäxr ;k oSpkfjd erHksn gq, muds çfr dksbZ nqHkkZouk eu esa j[khA os Lokèkhurk laxzke ds nkSj dh mit Fks rFkk ns'k çns'k dh jktuhfr esa mudh lfØ; fnypLih Fkh( os eè;çns'k dh jktuhfr dks ftruh ckjhdh ls tkurs Fks og csfelky Fkh] ysfdu bls vkèkkj cukdj mUgksaus i=dkfjrk ls brj dksbZ egRokdka{kk eu esa ugha ikyhA

ek;kjke lqjtu ds i=dkj thou dk çkjaHk 1943 esa gksrk gSA os oèkkZ esa ch-d‚e- ds fo|kFkÊ Fks rFkk fe=ksa ds lkFk feydj mUgksaus oèkkZ uxj fo|kFkÊ fgUnh lkfgR; ifj"kn dk xBu fd;k FkkA blesa mUgksaus ^çnhi* uke ls ,d gLrfyf[kr if=dk Hkh çdkf'kr dh ftlds nks vad lkSHkkX; ls ns'kcUèkq ykbczsjh esa lqjf{kr gSaA bl if=dk esa muds lg;ksxh Fks fVdsUæukFk fVdfjgk vkSj lq[kpkSu cklyA Jh fVdfjgk us vkxs pydj NÙkhlx<+ esa ,d ys[kd i=dkj ds :i esa viuk LFkku cuk;k o Jh ckly tcyiqj esa okf.kT; ds çkè;kid cusA vPNs lqUnj uhys jax ds ykbu okys dkxt ij ckcwth dh gLrfyfi esa gh ml if=dk dk T;knkrj ys[ku gqvkA fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh bl if=dk ls gh Kkr gks tkrk gS fd ckcwth ds jktuSfrd fopkj fdl fn'kk esa fodflr gks jgs FksA

eSaus tks nks vad ns[ks muesa ls ,d esa ;jonk tsy esa dLrwjck xkaèkh ds vLoLFkrk ij fpark çdV djrs gq, laikndh; gSA nwljs vad esa jk"Vªekrk dLrwjck ds fuèku ij 'kksd foºoy laikndh; J+)katfy gSA bu nksuksa ys[kksa esa fczfV'k ljdkj dh [kqyh vkykspuk gSA vk'p;Z ugha fd bl dkj.k fo|kFkÊ ek;kjke ij ljdkj dh fuxkgsa Vs<+h gqbZ gkas ysfdu mu ij dksbZ dM+h dkjZokbZ ugha gqbZA blds nks dkj.k gks ldrs gSa& ,d rks ;g fd Lusfgy çkpk;Z JheUukjk;.k th us mUgsa fdlh rjg ls oèkkZ ls vius xkao fHktok fn;k vkSj nwljs ;g fd oèkkZ ds ml le; ds iqfyl vèkh{kd jk; lkgc djrkjukFk ds ge mez csVs çseukFk ds lkFk mudh fe=rk gks xbZ FkhA ;s ogh çseukFk gSa ftUgsa ge fgUnh fQYeksa ds ,d pfpZr vfHkusrk ds :i esa tkurs gSaA 1962 esa firk dh e`R;q ds ckn çseukFk cacbZ NksM+dj dqN le; ds fy, tcyiqj vk cls FksA rc nksuksa fe= vjls ckn fQj feysA

oèkkZ esa vius Nk= thou ds nkSjku ckcwth] xkaèkhth] iafMr usg: rFkk vU; egku Lokèkhurk lsukfu;ksa ds laidZ esa vk,A ysfdu mu ij oSpkfjd :i ls xkaèkh vkSj usg: dk gh çHkko iM+kA eSaus ckcwth dh lq#fp lEiUurk dks ns[kk gS vkSj mlesa usg:th dh uQklr dh >yd eglwl dh gSA nwljh vksj muesa HkkSfrd lq[k lqfoèkkvksa ds çfr oSlh gh fuLi`grk Fkh tks ckiw dh ;kn fnykrh FkhA bl rjg vius futh vkpj.k vkSj fl)kar nksuksa esa mUgksaus bu nks egku usrkvksa dh çsj.kk yh] ,slk eq>s vdlj eglwl gksrk gSA os 1945 esa ukSdjh djus ukxiqj vk x,A ;gka mUgksaus ukSdjh ds lkFk&lkFk y‚ d‚yst esa Hkh ços'k fy;kA bl nkSjku uoHkkjr esa vius ofj"B laikndh; lg;ksxh 'kSysUæ dqekj ds dkj.k os okeiafFk;ksa ds utnhd vk, rFkk blh nkSj esa mUgsa ,-ch- oèkZu tSls fe= Hkh feysA ckcwth LVwMsaV QsMjs'ku esa lfØ; gq, rFkk çxfr'khy ys[kd la?k esa Hkh jktho lDlsuk vkfn muds fe= cusA bl rjg viuh r:.kkbZ esa gh mUgksus oke #>ku ds lkFk eè;ekxZ ¼yS¶V v‚Q lsaVj½ dks viuk;k rFkk reke >a>kokrksa ds chp Hkh mUgksaus bl iFk dks ugha NksM+kA

muds thoudky esa igys lhih ,oa cjkj vkSj fQj u, eè;çns'k esa vfèkdrj le; dkaxzsl dk gh 'kklu jgkA  dkaxzslh eq[;eaf=;ksa ds lkFk muds ijLij foÜokl ds lacaèk jgsA nwljh rjQ lkE;okfn;ksa us Hkh mUgsa vius fudV le>kA dkaxzsl ls VwVdj fudys lektokfn;ksa ds lkFk Hkh muds vkReh; lacaèk cus jgsA ysfdu egRoiw.kZ ckr ;g gS fd tula?k vFkok Hkktik ds usrkvksa ds lkFk Hkh muds lacaèk lnSo lkStU;iw.kZ cus jgsA ;gka ,d çlax dk mYys[k djuk mfpr gksxkA 1977 esa turk ikVÊ dh ljdkj cuhA eq[;ea=h dSyk'k tks'kh jktdh; ;k=k ij igyh ckj jk;iqj vk,A foekury ij ns'kcUèkq ds rRdkyhu phQ fjiksVZj fxfjtk'kadj muls feys rks tks'kh th us loky fd;k& ek;kjke th dgka gSa\ fxfjtk us crk;k fd & os tcyiqj esa gSa rks tks'kh th cksys& ;s D;k ckr gqbZA eSa rks vkt muds lkFk Hkkstu djus dh lkspdj vk;k FkkA tc tks'kh th nqckjk jk;iqj vk, rks gekjs ?kj Hkkstu djus vk,A jktuhfr vkSj i=dkfjrk nksuksa gh {ks=ksa esa lacaèkksa dk ,slk fuokZg fcjys gh ns[kus feyrk gSA

1977&80 ds chp çns'k esa turk ikVÊ ds rhu eq[;ea=h gq,A dSyk'k tks'kh ds vykok lqUnjyky iVok ds lkFk ckcwth vkSj ns'kcUèkq ds lacaèk lkStU;iw.kZ gh jgsA Jh ohjsUæ dqekj l[kyspk bldk viokn FksA 1978 esa fdjanqy xksyhdkaM dh tSlh fjiksVZ ns'kcUèkq esa Nih ,oa l[kyspk ljdkj dh tks e;kZfnr vkykspuk vU; ç'uksa ij gqbZ og eq[;ea=h dks ukxokj xqtjhA Jh l[kyspk us bl rF; ij xkSj ugha fd;k fd ckcwth us vius ys[kksa esa mudh ç'kklfud {kerk dh ljkguk Hkh dh Fkh rFkk dke ds cnys vukt tSlh ;kstuk dks i= dk iwjk leFkZu fn;k FkkA muds dk;Zdky esa ns'kcUèkq ds foKkiuksa esa Hkkjh dVkSrh gqbZ rFkk gesa viuk Hkksiky laLdj.k etcwju can djuk iM+kA vusd o"kksZa ckn laln ds lsaVªy g‚y esa l[kyspk th ls esjh HksaV gqbZ rc mUgksaus Lohdkj fd;k fd ns'kcUèkq dks le>us esa muls pwd gqbZ FkhA