29.03.1923 - 31.12.1994
 
 
 
 
 
;g 1980 dh ckr gSA eè;çns'k esa jk"Vªifr 'kklu lekIr dj foèkkulHkk ds pquko gksuk FksA eSa vius n¶rj esa cSBk gh Fkk fd [kcj vkbZ& çdk'kpaæ lsBh ikap&lkr feuV esa igqap jgs gSaA os ml fnu jk;iqj vk jgs gSa ;g rks irk Fkk] ysfdu çsl vk tk,axs bldk dksbZ vuqeku ugha FkkA eSa mudk Lokxr djus ds fy, eq[; }kj ij igqapkA dqN gh {k.kksa esa lsBh th vk,A egkikSj Lo:ipan tSu muds lkFk FksA lsBh th us dgk& çsl dh fcfYMax fn[kkvksA muds vkns'k dk ikyu fd;kA fQj mUgksaus loky nkxk& rqe ek;kjke th dks pquko D;ksa ugha yMu+s nsrs\ ç'u lqudj eSa FkksM+k gM+cM+k;k] fQj laHkydj tokc fn;k& eSa jksdus okyk dkSu gksrk gwa] os ugha yMu+k pkgrs gksaxsA lsBh th us fQj dgk fd ge mudks fiifj;k ¼ftyk gks'kaxkckn½ ls yM+okuk pkgrs gSaA muls iwNk rks ekywe iM+k fd rqe euk dj jgs gksA vc rks çsl dk Hkou Hkh cu x;k gSA rqe mUgsa Ýh D;ksa ugha djrsA eSaus gkFk tksM+dj dgk fd os vkids fe= gSaA nksuksa feydj tks pkgs QSlyk ys ysa] ysfdu eSaus mUgsa ugha jksdk gSA

okLro esa ckcwth dh nyxr jktuhfr vFkok pqukoh jktuhfr esa dksbZ fnypLih ugha FkhA 1964&65 esa tc }kfjdk çlkn feJ mUgsa lkfFk;ksa ¼ijlkbZ th vkfn½ lfgr dkaxzsl esa ykuk pkgrs Fks] rc Hkh ckcwth us mUgsa euk dj fn;kA mlds ckn 1966 ds jkT;lHkk pquko esa feJ th us ckcwth dks dkaxzsl ds leFkZu ls funZyh; çR;k'kh ds :i esa jkT;lHkk esa Hkstus dk çLrko j[kk rks ckcwth us fe=ksa dh lykg eku yhA ckn esa feJ th vius gh çLrko ij dk;e ugha jg ldsA M‚- jkèkk—".ku o ds- dkejkt ds ncko ds pyrs i=dkj ,-Mh- ef.k dks nwljh VuZ ds fy, euksuhr dj fn;k x;kA ckcwth eSnku esa mrj pqds FksA tkurs Fks fd gkjsaxs] ysfdu bl oknkf[kykQh dks mtkxj djus ds fy, mUgksaus eSnku esa cus jguk r; fd;kA mUgsa dE;qfuLV ikVÊ ds rhu oksV o dkaxzsl ds nks ;k rhu oksV feysA laHkor% neksg ds vkuan JhokLro] ¼tks uoHkkjr esa muds lgk;d laiknd Fks½ gVk ds tqxyfd'kksj ctkt vkSj xkMjokjk ds y{ehukjk;.k [ktkaph ¼ftuls ikfjokfjd lacaèk Fks½A

blds ckn Hkh ,dkfèkd ckj ç;Ru gq, fd ckcwth jkT;lHkk esa tk,aA ,slh igy gj ckj fe=ksa dh vksj ls gh gqbZA fe=ksa dk eu j[kus ds fy, ckcwth viuk ck;ksMkVk rks Hkst nsrs Fks] ysfdu jktuhfr esa bl rjg vkus dh dksbZ xaHkhj igy mUgksaus ugha dhA jkT;lHkk esa tkus ds fy, i=ekfyd vkSj i=dkj ftl rjg ds le>kSrs djrs gSa vkSj usrkvksa dh ftl rjg ls [kq'kken djuh gksrh gS og ckcwth ds LoHkko ds fcYdqy foijhr FkhA os ,slk dj gh ugha ldrs FksA blh rjg iqjLdkj ,oa vyadj.k vkfn dh Hkh mUgksaus dHkh fpark ugha dh vkSj u dksf'k'kA ,d ckj oh-lh- 'kqDy us eq>ls iwNk& yfyr! rqe ugha lksprs fd ek;kjke th dks in~eJh feyuk pkfg,\ esjk mÙkj Fkk& esjs lkspus ls D;k gksrk gSA lkspuk rks vkidks pkfg, vkSj vxj vki lksp jgs gksa rks ckcwth in~eHkw"k.k ds ;ksX; gSa] in~eJh rks dkdk gkFkjlh rd dks fey tkrh gSA tkfgj gS fd 'kqDy th dh lfnPNk eq>ls ckr djus rd lhfer FkhA mlds vkxs dqN gksuk&tkuk ugha FkkA

pqukoh jktuhfr dk ,d çlax 1985 esa fQj ?kfVr gqvkA esjs ikl çLrko vk;k fd jk;iqj xzkeh.k ;k eafnj glkSn ls dkaxzsl fVdV ij pquko yMwaA eSaus lans'kokgd dks Li"V euk dj fn;kA blds igys ckcwth ls iwNk x;k Fkk fd ge yfyr dks fVdV nsuk pkgrs gSa] vkidks dksbZ vkifÙk rks ughaA rc ckcwth us tokc fn;k Fkk& yfyr ls lhèks ckr dj ysuk csgrj gksxk] ysfdu eSa tgka rd le>rk gwa os gka ugha dgsaxsA ckcwth us ;g ckr eq>s ugha crkbZ] ysfdu eSaus ogh fd;k tks muds eu esa laHkor% FkkA nks&rhu lky ckn ogh lans'kokgd Hkksiky&jk;iqj foeku ;k=k esa fey x,A eq>ls iwNk 'kkL=h th ¼çksQslj j.kohjflag 'kkL=h½ dSlk dke dj jgs gSaA eSaus dqN tokc fn;k gksxkA fQj mUgksaus dqN nq%[k ds lkFk dgk fd vkidks xksYMu vikZP;qfuVh feyh Fkh] mls vkius Bqdjk fn;kA eSaus bldk mÙkj ;g dgdj fn;k fd eSa i=dkj ds :i esa bl rjg csgrj gwa fd eq> ls foèkk;dksa ds dkedkt ds ckjs esa jk; yh tk jgh gSA vxj vkidk çLrko Lohdkj dj foèkk;d cu x;k gksrk rks esjs ckjs esa vki fdlh vkSj ls iwN jgs gksrsA

mijksä çlaxksa ls ;g rks Li"V gksrk gS fd ,d lekpkj i= ds :i esa LokHkkfod rkSj ij ckcwth dh fnypLih jktuhfrd ?kVukpØ ij jgh] ysfdu blls dksbZ O;fäxr ykHk mBkus dk ç;Ru mUgksaus ugha fd;kA ftu jktusrkvksa ds lkFk muds lacaèk ijLij foÜokl ds Fks os ckcwth ls le;&le; ij ijke'kZ djrs FksA ,sls vusd çlaxksa dk mYys[k ckcwth us viuh dye ls fd;k gSA eq>s dqN ?kVuk,a Lej.k vk jgh gSaA 1962 dh xfeZ;ksa esa ge yksx uSuhrky esa FksA ckcwth us ,d dkxt ij rkj dk etuwu fy[kk fd rkj ?kj tkdj bls Hkst nksA çdk'kpaæ lsBh dks ml fnu iafMr usg: us igyh ckj vius eaf=e.My esa 'kkfey fd;k Fkk vkSj ckcwth mUgsa cèkkbZ dk rkj Hkst jgs FksA dkykarj esa lsBh th eq[;ea=h cudj eè;çns'k ykSVsA 1972 esa lsBh th çns'k dh xzh"edkyhu jktèkkuh ipe<+h esa FksA ckcwth Hkh cPpksa dks ysdj ogka igqaps FksA lsBh th ls mudk feyus dk dk;ZØe cukA ml fnu ckcwth okfil ykSV jgs FksA dkj esa lkeku ynk FkkA os eq[;ea=h fuokl igqapsA fnYyh ls vk, u, LVkQ us ckcwth dks Bhd ls ugha igpkukA dqN nsj #ddj os x`guxj fiifj;k vk x,A vkèkh jkr dks lsBh th ds lfpo fiifj;k ds Fkkusnkj dks ysdj ckcwth dks <wa<rs gq, gekjs ?kj igqapsA cgqr ekQh ekaxhA viuh ukSdjh dh nqgkbZ nhA ckcwth dks vxyh lqcg fQj ipe<+h tkuk iM+kA os lsBh th ls feys vkSj fut lfpo ds çfr muds Øksèk dks 'kkar fd;kA

fiNys vè;k; esa eSaus yfyr JhokLro dk ftØ dj vk;k gwaA os 1973 esa tcyiqj uxj fuxe ds ik"kZn cudj lfØ; jktuhfr esa vk,A eSa mu fnuksa tcyiqj esa FkkA jk;iqj ls ckcwth us Vªad dky fd;k ¼ml le; ,lVhMh lqfoèkk ugha gksrh Fkh½ fd'kksjhyky th 'kqDy fuxe pquko esa i;Zos{kd cudj igqap jgs gSaA yfyr JhokLro dks muls feyok nks vkSj esjh rjQ ls dgks fd mUgsa volj fn;k tk,A eSaus vkns'k dk ikyu fd;kA pkpkth ¼'kqDy th dk lacksèku½ us ;g dgrs gq, JhokLro th dk fVdV iDdk dj fn;k fd ek;kjke th ds vkns'k dk ikyu rks djuk gh iMsx+kA