29.03.1923 - 31.12.1994
 
 
 
 
 
,d i=dkj ds :i esa ek;kjke lqjtu ds —frRo dk voyksdu ge djsa] mlds iwoZ 'kk;n ;g mfpr gksxk fd muds O;fäRo ds dqN vuNq, igyqvksa ls voxr gks ysaA mudh ,d iqLrd ds CyoZ ij eSaus ;g tkudkjh nh gS fd tc ckcwth dk fuèku gqvk rc muds cSad [kkrs esa ek= rhu gtkj ¼3]000@&½ dh jkf'k tek FkhA geus mudh Le`fr esa ek;kjke lqjtu QkmaMs'ku dh LFkkiuk dh rks ;g jkf'k mlds dke esa ykuk pkgrs FksA ysfdu cSad dks mÙkjkfèkdkj çek.k i= pkfg, Fkk rFkk bl NksVh lh jde dks gkfly djus esa 'kk;n mlls nqxuh jkf'k oSèkkfud vkSipkfjdrkvksa esa [kpZ gks tkrh lks ;g jkf'k cSad dks gh lefiZr gks xbZA ftl O;fä us vius ipkl lky ds O;ogkfjd thou esa lekpkj i=ksa dk çcaèku fd;k gks o i= LFkkfir fd, gksa] mlds ikl dksbZ futh iwath u gks] ;g vk'p;Ztud çrhr gks ldrk gS] ysfdu ckcwth bl ekeys esa iwjh rjg fuLi`g FksA eq>s tc 1984 esa Lokeh ç.kokuan i=dkfjrk lEeku ds lkFk 5]000@& dh iqjLdkj jkf'k feyh rks Hkksiky esa esjh vuqifLFkfr esa mUgksaus ;g lEeku rks ys fy;k fdarq iqjLdkj jkf'k ogha U;kl vè;{k dks okfil lkSai nh fd yfyr dks bldh t:jr ugha gSA bl jkf'k dk vki vU;= csgrj mi;ksx dj ldrs gSaA

blh rjg dk nwljk vk'p;Ztud rF; ;g Hkh gS fd muds ikl vius thoudky esa Lo;a dk dgus ds fy, dksbZ ?kj ugha FkkA ge HkkbZ;ksa ds vius ?kj cu ldsa] blds fy, mUgksaus vo'; ç;Ru vkSj lgk;rk dh fdarq [kqn dk ?kj ugha cuk;kA ;g ,d la;ksx gS fd esjs ikl Hkh u rks viuk edku gS vkSj u gh tehu dk dksbZ VqdM+kA ckcwth bu ekeyksa esa 'kk;n dgha vius firk ls çsfjr gq, gksaxsA muds ikl xkao esa cgqr FkksM+h —f"k Hkwfe vkSj ,d NksVk lk dcsyw okyk ?kj FkkA tc ckcwth uoHkkjr ds tujy eSustj cus vkSj osru 500 #i, çfr ekg gqvk rks nknkth us viuh ukeek= dh vpy laifÙk Hkh vius nks foÜoLr ;k vkReh; lkfFk;ksa dks HksaV dj nhA ^HkS;k ¼;kuh ckcwth½ vc [kwc vPNs ls dek jgs gSaA eq>s vc laifÙk dh t:jr ugha gSA* 1956 esa jktèkkuh cuus ds ckn LokHkkfod :i ls Hkksiky dk foLrkj çkjaHk gqvkA i=dkj ds :i esa ckcwth dks ,dne ekSds dh txg ekyoh; uxj esa Hkw[kaM dh is'kd'k ljdkj dh vksj ls gqbZA ckcwth us vius ekfyd jkexksiky ekgsÜojh ds fy, Hkw[kaM vkcafVr djok;k] ysfdu vius fy, ugha fy;kA muds ppsjs HkkbZ Hkxokunkl ekgsÜojh us mUgsa fcuk crk, muds uke ij vius ikl ls jde Hkj Iy‚V ys fy;k] ysfdu vkxs pydj ckcwth us og Hkw[kaM Hkh mUgha dks okfil lkSai fn;kA jk;iqj esa vo'; ,d&nks ckj volj vk, vkSj mudh bPNk Hkh gqbZ fd edku cuk fy;k tk,] ysfdu lhfer lkèku ges'kk çsl dh t:jrksa ds dke vkrs jgs o futh LFkkf;Ro dh Hkkouk gkf'k, ij Mky nh xbZA jk;iqj dh pkScs d‚yksuh esa ,d edku esjs uke ij cukA og Hkh muds Lusgh fe= cSad çcaèkd fxjèkjnkl Mkxk ds ncko o fgEer ds dkj.kA bl ?kj esa gekjk dksbZ chl lky Msjk jgk] ysfdu ,d dkaxzslh eq[;ea=h dh dksi–f"V ds f'kdkj v[kckj ds dtZ iVkus esa ;g ?kj Hkh HksaV p<+ x;kA

ckcwth ds fe= vDlj dgk djrs Fks fd ek;kjke th jsr esa uko pykrs gSaA ;kus xk¡B esa iSlk ugha gS] ysfdu fdlh u fdlh rjg isij jkst fudy gh tkrk gSA bl ^fdlh u fdlh  rjg* esa ifjokj ls lacafèkr ,d ekfeZd rF; Hkh 'kkfey gSA 1975 esa mUgksaus viuh cM+h cgw ek;k dks ,d i= Hkksiky ls Hkstk& ^ns'kcUèkq çkjaHk djus ds le; ckbZ ¼ek¡½ ds xgus fcdsA ckn esa rqEgkjh ckbZ ¼;kus esjh ekrkth½ ds vkSj vc rqEgkjs xgus Hkh çsl dh t:jr ds dke vk,A eq>s bldh csgn ihM+k gS vkSj rqe ij xoZA i= dk Hkko yxHkx ;gh Fkk fd ifjokj dk rhu ihf<;+ksa dk L=hèku O;kikj ds ?kkVs mBkus esa yxk fn;k x;k vkSj blls os eu gh eu csgn vkgr FksA njvly] ,slh fLFkfr;k¡ blfy, cuha] D;ksafd ckcwth us i=dkfjrk ds ewY;ksa ls dHkh le>kSrk ugha fd;kA bldh foLr`r ppkZ eSa vkus okys fnuksa esa d:axkA Lo;a ckcwth dh vkRedFkk esa bu fLFkfr;ksa dh >yfd;k¡ gSaA ;gka muds O;fäxr dk ,d fojksèkkHkkl Hkh ns[kus feyrk gSA*

ckcwth ,d vksj tgk¡ vius iq#"kkFkZ ij foÜokl djrs Fks] ogha os fdlh gn rd HkkX;oknh Hkh FksA tcyiqj ds lqçfl) T;ksfrfon~ ia- ckcwyky prqoZsnh muds fe= Fks rFkk muls os ges'kk lykg&e'kfojk djrs FksA blds vykok mudh vusd T;ksfrf"k;ksa o Hkfo";oäkvksa ls vPNk [kklk laidZ FkkA ubZ nqfu;k ds i`Fohèkjkpk;Z ;kus ,e-th- <krs ls Hkh os i= fy[kdj lykg ysrs FksA ge lc HkkbZ&cfguksa dh dqaMfy;k¡ mUgksaus cuokbZaA fookg ds le; mudk feyku oxSjg Hkh djok;kA mudh viuh dksbZ 20&25 dqaMfy;k¡ cuh gksaxhA muds iqLrd laxzg esa gLrjs[kk vè;;u dh iqLrdsa Fkha rFkk os Lo;a 'kkSfd;k rkSj ij gLrjs[kk ns[k ysrs FksA mlds ckotwn ;g lPpkbZ viuh txg gS fd mUgksaus futh ;k O;olkf;d fu.kZ;ksa esa dHkh T;ksfrf"k;ksa dh lykg ij vey ugha fd;kA ,d ckj dqN g¶rksa ds fy, mUgksaus vaxwBh iguhA og Hkh mrkj nhA eq>s yxrk gS fd Hkfo";osÙkkvksa dh jk; os tSls viuk eukscy c<kus ds fy, gh ysrs FksA iafMrth us dgk fd lc eaxy gks eaxy gksxk vkSj os bruk lqudj gh Lo;a dks vkus okys le; ds fy, rS;kj dj ysrs FksA

;gh fLFkfr iwtk&ikB dks ysdj FkhA deZdkaM esa mudk foÜokl vR;Ur {kh.k FkkA viuh ek¡ ds fuèku ds ckn mudh iwtk isVh ckcwth us yh vkSj laHkor% ek¡ dh Le`fr dk lEeku djus ds fy, gh mUgksaus mlds ckn çfrfnu yxHkx ik¡p fefuV dh iwtk djuk çkjaHk fd;kA ;g twu 1966 dh ckr gSA blds iwoZ eSaus mUgsa dHkh ?kj ij iwtk djrs ugha ns[kkA jk;iqj esa 'kke dks ?kj ykSVrs le; os xksiky eafnj] lnj cktkj yxHkx jkst gh vkrs Fks] ysfdu ogka Hkh lnj cktkj ds fe=ksa ls HksaV o xi'ki djuk gh çeq[k mís'; gksrk FkkA esjs o ifjokj ds vU; fookgksa esa mUgksaus dHkh x.ks'k LFkkiuk ugha djokbZ vkSj u gh nhikoyh ij gekjs ?kj esa y{eh iwtu dh çFkk jghA bu ekSdksa ij os dqVqac ds b"V nso JhukFkth dks gh lk{kh cukrs jgsA gk¡] ;fn ifjokj ds fdlh lnL; us ;k çsl esa fdlh lg;ksxh us iwtk o deZdkaM lacaèkh dksbZ lq>ko ns fn;k rks mls os eku ysrs FksA ^vPNk HkkbZ] rqEgkjh bPNk gS rks ;g Hkh dj yksA* dqy feykdj os vkfLrd rks Fks] ysfdu vaèkfoÜoklh drbZ ughaA

mudh lknxhiw.kZ thou 'kSyh vkSj vkfLrdrk dk ,d feyk&tqyk :i ns[kus feyk NksVs HkkbZ nsosaæ ds fookg esaA jk;iqj ds fudV nk'kZfud&lar egkçHkq oYyHkkpk;Z ds tUeLFkku paikju ds eafnj esa nso dk fookg laiUu gqvkA ml le; ,d NksVh lh èkeZ'kkyk FkhA mlesa gh nksuksa i{k ds lnL; Bgjs rFkk fcuk fdlh vkMacj ds 'kqHk dk;Z iwjk gqvkA dqN lky ckn bl çlax dks foLrkj ds lkFk nksgjk;k x;kA nso ls NksVs nhid dk fookg fuf'pr gqvkA ckcwth us bls lkewfgd fookg dk Lo:i fn;kA nhid o eesjs HkkbZ ';ke ds lkFk rhu vU; tksM+s blesa 'kkfey gq,A rc rd paikju esa nks èkeZ'kkyk,a fufeZr gks pqdh FkhaA ,d esa lkjh ckjkrsa Bgjha o nwljh esa lHkh dU;k i{kA ckcwth us ,d felky lkeus j[k nhA bldk FkksM+k cgqr vuqlj.k vkt Hkh gks tkrk gS] ysfdu 'kknh&C;kg esa vkMacj rtus ds fy, Hkkjrh; lekt vkt Hkh iwjh rjg ls rS;kj ugha gS] bl gdhdr dks ge tkurs gSaA vius lkekftd fopkjksa ds dkj.k ckcwth dks ;nk&dnk ijs'kkuh Hkh >syuh iM+hA NksVh cfgu bfr dk fookg r; djus esa nks&rhu ?kjksa ls ;gh lwpuk ncs Loj esa feyh fd ek;kjke th ngst ugha ysrs rks u ysa] ysfdu ngst nsaxs ugha rks muds ?kj lacaèk djus esa D;k ykHk! ,sls voljksa ij ckcwth Lo;a dks ;gh dgdj le>k ysrs Fks& tks HkkX; esa fy[kk gS ogh gksxkA