29.03.1923 - 31.12.1994
 
 
 
 
 
ek;kjke lqjtu ds foiqy ys[ku dk iqLrd :i esa igyk ladyu ^eq[;ea=h eè;çns'k ds* ekè;e ls lkeus vk;kA blfy, gekjh LokHkkfod bPNk Fkh fd bl iqLrd dk yksdkiZ.k tjk èkweèkke ls gksA ;wa rks dk;ZØe jk;iqj vFkok Hkksiky esa Hkh fd;k tk ldrk Fkk ysfdu gekjs laiknd eaMy dh bPNk fnYyh esa dk;ZØe djus dh FkhA mijk"Vªifr M‚- 'kadjn;ky 'kekZ euk dj pqds FksA dsaæh; ekuo lalkèku ea=h vtZquflag ls geus laidZ fd;k rFkk muds lq>ko ij yksdlHkk vè;{k f'kojkt ikfVy dks eq[; vfrfFk dh gSfl;r ls vkeaf=r fd;k x;kA ys[kd vkSj iqLrd nksuksa dk ifjp; nsus ds fy, M‚- ukeoj flag ls laidZ fd;k] mUgksaus Hkh viuh lgefr ns nhA vtZquflag dk;ZØe dh vè;{krk djsaxs ;g ckr Hkh r; gks xbZA

12 fnlEcj 1992 dks ubZ fnYyh ds vkbZQSDl lHkkxkj esa dk;ZØe j[kk x;kA eç ls tqM+s vusd jktusrk] vfèkdkjh] i=dkj o lkfgR;dkj dk;ZØe esa vk,A fnYyh esa ckcwth ds fe= eaMyh ds cgqr lkjs lkFkh Hkh tqVs rFkk lkfgR; o i=dkfjrk ds vusd ukephu O;fä HkhA ckcwth tSls fuLlax O;fä us bl iwjs dk;ZØe dks lgt Hkko ls fy;k] ysfdu bl volj ij esa dkQh jksekafpr FkkA eq[; vfrfFk f'kojkt ikfVy us iqLrd i<+ yh Fkh rFkk mUgksaus cgqr lqUnj rjhds ls iqLrd ij vius fopkj O;ä fd,A vtZqu flag rks de 'kCnksa esa gh T;knk ckr dj tkrs gSa] ysfdu ukeoj th us fujk'k fd;kA mUgksaus 'kq#vkr gh bl ckr ls dh fd ek;kjke th dh iqLrd eq>s fey rks xbZ Fkh] ysfdu bls eSa i<+ ugha ik;k gwaA blds ckn os 'kCnkMEcj jprs jgsA muls ,sls gYds O;ogkj dh mEehn ugha FkhA

tc ukeoj th dh ckr fudyh gS rks ckcwth ds lkFk tqM+s ,d vkSj çlax dk mYys[k dj nsuk mfpr  gksxkA vHkh Ms<+&nks lky igys fdlh if=dk dks fn, lk{kkRdkj esa ukeoj flag us ckcwth ij lhèks&lhèks vkjksi yxk;k fd os jktk jkeeksgu jk; yk;czsjh ds vè;{k cuuk pkgrs Fks] blfy, vtZquflag ds dku Hkjdj ukeoj th dks ml in ls gVok fn;kA ;g oäO; u flQZ vlR; gS oju~ ,d LoxÊ; fe= dh Le`fr dk vieku Hkh gSA njvly ukeojth ds dk;Z ls ea=h th larq"V ugha Fks] mUgsa f'kdk;rsa fey jgh FkhaA ukeojth dks lhèks dqN dgus ds ctk; vtZqu flag us ckcwth dks ekè;e cuk;k fd vki ukeoj th dks bLrhQk nsus ds fy, jkth dj ysa ojuk ljdkj dks mUgsa gVkus viuh dkjZokbZ djuh iM+sxhA ;kuh vtZquflag ukeojth dh çfr"Bk ij vkap ugha vkus nsuk pkgrs FksA ckcwth us ;g lans'kk ;FkkLFkku igqapk fn;kA os tks nSuafnu Mk;jh fy[kk djrs Fks mlesa bl çlax dk mYys[k gSA bu nksuksa çlaxksa ls eq>s èkuat; cSjkxh ds caxyk miU;kl dk 'kh"kZd ;kn vkrk gS& ^ued dk iqryk lkxj esa*A bl çlax dks ;gha NksM+ ckcwth ds ys[ku ds ,d vkSj i{k ij vkxs ckr djsaA

tSlk fd ge ns[k vk, gSa eç dh jktuhfr dh tSlh le>  ckcwth dks Fkh oSlh muds ledkyhu fdlh Hkh i=dkj dks ugha FkhA muds laidksZa dk nk;jk fo'kky Fkk rFkk os jk;iqj] Hkksiky] tcyiqj tgka Hkh gksa] jktusrkvksa ds lkFk mudh HksaV eqykdkrksa dk flyflyk yxkrkj pyrk jgrk FkkA vke pquko ds igys xgekxgeh dqN vkSj c<+ tkrh FkhA dkaxzsl ds fVdVkFkÊ ;g vk'kk ysdj muds ikl vkrs Fks fd os vius laidksZa dk mi;ksx dj mUgsa fVdV fnyok ldsaxsA ckcwth us blesa dHkh [kkl fnypLih ugha yh ysfdu ,d dke os vo'; djrs FksA bu HksaV eqykdkrksa ls mUgsa pquko iwoZ dh fLFkfr dk dkQh dqN lgh vuqeku gks tkrk FkkA blds vkèkkj ij os fVdV forj.k ds igys nl&iUæg ys[kksa dh ,d J`a[kyk ^gekjs jktuhfrd laoknnkrk* vFkok ^fo'ks"k laoknnkrk* ds uke ls fy[kk djrs FksA blesa os eç dh rhu lkS chl ¼igys 294½ foèkkulHkk lhVksa dk fo'ys"k.k dj crykrs Fks fd dkaxzsl dk dkSu lk mEehnokj thrus dh fLFkfr esa gSA os gj lhV ds fy, viuh vksj ls nks ;k rhu ukeksa dk çLrko djrs Fks vkSj geus ns[kk fd dkaxzsl dh p;u lfefr vfèkdka'kr% bUgha ukeksa esa ls mEehnokj pqurh FkhA ;g iapo"kÊ; vkdyu os ml le; rd djrs jgrs tc rd dkaxzsl ikVÊ esa Åij ls mEehnokj Fkksius dh çFkk 'kq: ugha gks xbZA tc mUgsa yxk fd ikVÊ esa vkarfjd tura= detksj gks x;k gS rc mUgksaus viuh jk; nsuk can dj fn;kA

vius xkaèkh&usg:oknh laLdkjksa ds dkj.k dkaxzsl ikVÊ dk ;g {kj.k mUgsa O;fFkr djrk Fkk rFkk vius dbZ ys[kksa esa mUgksaus bl vokafNr ifjikVh ds f[kykQ fy[kk gSA 1971 esa tc ';kekpj.k 'kqDy dks gVkdj çdk'kpaæ lsBh dks eq[;ea=h cuk;k x;k rc Hkh ckcwth us mlds fo:) fy[kkA mudk lkQ dguk Fkk fd eq[;ea=h ds p;u dk vfèkdkj foèkk;d ny dks gh gksuk pkfg, rFkk Åij dh etÊ bl rjg ykns tkus ls vkxs pydj ikVÊ dks uqdlku gksxkA os ,d xaHkhj lektfpard ds :i esa nhokj ij fy[kh bckjr dks i<+ ik jgs Fks ysfdu bldh dkaxzsl dks t:jr ugha FkhA

1972 ds foèkkulHkk pqukoksa esa ,d vkSj jkspd çlax ?kfVr gqvkA bl lky dkaxzsl vkSj lhihvkbZ ds chp pqukoh le>kSrk gqvk rFkk lkE;oknh ny ds fy, dkaxzsl us ikap lhVsa NksM+ nhA blesa jk;iqj dh lhV Hkh 'kkfey FkhA ;gka ls lhihvkbZ ds mEehnokj yksdfç; tuusrk lqèkhj nknk ;kus lqèkhj eq[ktÊ ikVÊ ds pquko fpUg ds ctk; funZyh; mEehnokj ds :i esa 'ksj Nki pquko fpUg ij [kM+s gq,A ns'kcUèkq ds laiknd eaMy us mUgssa viuk [kqyk leFkZu nsuk r; fd;kA ;|fi ckcwth ml le; jk;iqj ls ckgj Fks vkSj ge muls jk; ugha dj ldsA tc ckcwth ykSVdj vk, rks eSnkuh fLFkfr dk tk;tk ysus ds ckn mUgsa ,slk yxk fd ns'kcUèkq dk leFkZu rHkh lQy gks ik,xk tc pquko lapkyu O;ofLFkr rjhds ls gksA ;g ftEesnkjh mUgksaus vius Åij yh o jk;iqj esa iwjs le; cSBdj pquko lapkyu fd;kA ;g igyk vkSj vkf[kjh volj Fkk tc fdlh mEehnokj ds fy, mUgsa viuk dke&èkke NksM+dj bl rjg eSnku esa mrjuk iM+k gksA