29.03.1923 - 31.12.1994
 
 
 
 
 
eq>s cpiu esa lM+d ij dgha nks #i, dk uksV iM+k feykA ?kj vkdj nknh dks crk;k rks os rqjar eq>s ysdj eafnj xbZa vkSj uksV Bkdqjth dks vfiZr djok fn;kA ,d ckj vkSj ,slk gqvkA ek¡ ¼nknh ds fy, gekjk ;gh lacksèku FkkA ckcwth mUgsa ckbZ dgrs Fks½ us ;gh lh[k viuh bdykSrh larku ek;kjke dks mlds cpiu esa nh gksxhA

ge lifjokj o`ankou esa Nqfê;k¡ euk jgs FksA cqvkth eafnj xbZaA ykSVha rks muds iSjksa esa nwljh pIiysa FkhaA ckcwth dh utj+ iM+hA ^foey! ;s fdldh pIiysa ifgu vkbZaA

^HkS;k! esjh pIiysa 'kk;n dksbZ vkSj ifgudj pyk x;kA <wa<+h] ugha feyhaA eSa Hkh tks iSjksa esa fQV vkbZa] ifgudj vk xbZA

ckcwth bl ij ukjkt gq,A ^tkvks] vHkh] okfil j[kdj vkvksA pksjh] og Hkh eafnj esa tkdjA

#v‚alh cqvkth ¼Lo-foey iqjksfgr½ mYVs iSj eafnj xbZaA muds ihNs&ihNs ckcwth Hkh x,A eafnj ls uaxs iSj ykSVrs oä cjkcj esa ubZ pIiysa fnyokbZaA

,sls gh ,d çlax esa eq>s ckcwth ls ,d djkjk FkIiM+ [kkuk iM+kA _f"kds'k esa iSny ?kwers&?kwers vke ds isM+ksa ij dSfj;k¡ ynh fn[khaA vuqie HkS;k vkSj eSaus 4&6 dSfj;k¡ rksM+ yha fd 'kke ds Hkkstu esa pVuh cuk,axsA ckcwth bl chp vkxs c<+ x, FksA ge yksxksa dks lkFk u ns[kdj okfil ykSVsA dSfj;k¡ ns[kha vkSj ektjk le> vk x;kA ifgys cjls& dSfj;k¡ okfil isM+ esa yxkdj vkvksA ge grçHkA naM feykA fQj pkSdhnkj dks <wa<kA mls dSjh dh vuqekfur dher pqdkbZA mlds ckn gesa lh[k& isM+ ljdkj ds gSaA rqEgkjk mu ij vfèkdkj ugha gSA vkxs ls ,slh xyrh er djukA

muds O;fäRo dk ,d vkSj igyw è;ku vkrk gSA 1961&62 Mkd ls v[kckj Hkstus ij ek= nks iSls dk fVfdV yxrk FkkA eSaus varnZs'kh; ;k fyQkQs ij 2&2 iSls ds ik¡p fVfdV yxk fn,A ckcwth dh utj+ iM+ xbZA cgqr 'kkafr ls mUgksaus le>k;k& Mkd fVfdV fons'k ls Nidj vkrs gSaA blesa cgqewY; fons'kh eqæk yxrh gSA cktw esa iksLV v‚fQl gSA rqe ogka tkdj nl iSls dk ,d fVfdV [kjhn ldrs FksA pkj fVfdV esa tks dkxt& NikbZ yxh] og cp tkrhA tjk  ls vkyl esa rqeus ns'k dk uqdlku dj fn;kA mudh lh[k vkt Hkh dkuksa esa xwatrh gS] ysfdu fQj eu [kqn ls iwNrk gS& dksbZ gS tks vkt dh ubZ ih<+h dks ,slh ewY;oku f'k{kk ns ldsA

;g rks fons'kh eqæk cpkus dh ckr Fkh] ysfdu viO;; mUgsa fcydqy cnkZ'r ugha FkkA çsl esa vkrs&tkrs mUgsa ,d fiu Hkh Q'kZ ij fxjh fn[krh rks mls mBkdj fiudq'ku esa yxk nsrsA nwljh rjQ jkstkuk vkus okyh Mkd esa ;fn fdlh i= ij Mkd[kkus dh eksgj yxuk NwV tkrh rks os rqjar L;kgh ls dkV nsrs fd dksbZ nksckjk ml fVfdV dk mi;ksx u djsA mudk rdZ cgqr lhèkk FkkA fVfdV dk ç;kstu iwjk gks x;k gSA mls nqckjk mi;ksx esa ykuk ns'k ds lkFk èkks[kkèkM+h gSA

ckcwth Lokèkhurk laxzke ds laLdkjksa esa ixs gq, O;fä FksA viuh ih<+h ds yk[kksa ns'kokfl;ksa dh Hkkafr mUgksaus Hkh vius eu esa Lokèkhu Hkkjr ds fuekZ.k vFkok fodkl ds çfr <sjksa dYiuk,a dh Fkha] fdrus gh lius latks, FksA ;g fu"Bk vafre le; rd muds lkFk cuh jghA eSa tc lkroha esa i<+ jgk Fkk] rc mUgksaus ^vkbZ-,u-,l- MQfju* dk nkf[kyk QkeZ eaxok;kA Hkkjrh; ukSlsuk ds bl çf'k{k.k iksr ij laHkor% 12 lky dh vk;q esa dSMsV HkrÊ fd, tkrs Fks] ftUgsa vU; fo"k;ksa ds lkFk lkefjd çf'k{k.k Hkh fn;k tkrk vkSj i<+kbZ iwjh gksus ij tks ukSlsuk vfèkdkjh cu tkrsA ckcwth eq>s ogka Hkstuk pkgrs Fks] ysfdu mlh le; dqN ,sls dkj.k cus fd eSa ^MQfju* ij tkus dh ctk; ukxiqj igqap x;kA dqN lky ckn gh Hkkjr ij phuh vkØe.k gqvk rks ckcwth us rRdky tcyiqj esa lsuk Hkjrh dk;kZy; esa viuk vkosnu tek fd;k fd ns'k ij vk, bl vHkwriwoZ ladV ds le; os viuh lsok,a ,d lSfud ds :i esa nsuk pkgrs gSaA ckcwth dh mez rc 40 o"kZ dh yxHkx FkhA mudk vkosnu [kkfjt dj fn;k x;k rks mUgksaus lSfud eq[;ky; fnYyh dks vihy dh] ysfdu ogka ls Hkh èkU;okn i= ds lkFk eukgh vk xbZA

blds ckn ,d yack vjlk xqtj x;kA 1977 ds vklikl ukxktZqu us rh[ks Loj esa ,d dfork fy[kh& ^fdldh gS NCchl tuojh fdldk iaæg vxLr gS lc ;gk¡ eLr gSa yksx ;gk¡ eLr gSaA* fdlh if=dk esa ;g dfork i<+hA gekjs laikndh; lg;ksfx;ksa dks ilan vkbZ vkSj laHkor% 1979 ds x.kra= fnol ifjf'k"V esa mls geus çeq[krk ds lkFk] cfYd fo'ks"k lkt&lTtk ds lkFk iquçZdkf'kr dj fn;kA tc ;g vad ckcwth us ns[kk rks eekZgr gq,A mUgsa ;g drbZ vPNk ugha yxk fd 26 tuojh vFkok 15 vxLr tSls jk"Vªh; ioZ dks ge mYykl ds ctk; 'kadkdqy –f"V ls ns[k jgs gSaA mudh ihM+k dfork dks ysdj ugha] 26 tuojh ij mlds Nius dks ysdj FkhA os ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe esa bl egku fnu dks ns[k jgs Fks vkSj tkfgj gS fd jktuSfrd thou esa vkbZ fxjkoV ds ckotwn turkaf=d O;oLFkk ds çfr mudh vkLFkk esa dksbZ deh ugha vkbZ FkhA

lkè; vkSj lkèku nksuksa dh ifo=rk ds çfr ckcwth ds eu esa xk¡èkhoknh vkxzg FkkA ;gk¡ eSa mu nks çlaxksa dk mYys[k djuk pkgwaxk tks esjh ch-,- vafre dh ijh{kk ls rkYyqd j[krs gSaA ckcwth ds ije~ fe= vt; pkSgku ds NksVs HkkbZ fot; pkSgku us 1964 dh ch-,- ijh{kk dk jktuhfr'kkL= dk f}rh; ç'ui= rS;kj fd;kA mUgksaus Lusgo'k eq>s dqN ç'uksa ds ladsr ns fn,A ckcwth us ns[kk fd dy isij gS vkSj eSa i<+ ugha jgk gwaA mUgksaus eq>s iwNk rks eSaus crk fn;k fd eq>s NksVs HkS;k ¼fot; pkSgku½ us egRoiw.kZ ç'u rS;kj djok fn, gSaA os ektjk le> x,A cM+s HkS;k] NksVs HkS;k dh [kwc [kcj yh fd yM+ds dks fcxkM+rs gksA jkrksajkr isij cnyk x;k vkSj vxys fnu eqfær dh txg lkbDyksLVkbYM ipkZ gesa gy djuk iM+kA xuher gS fd eSa i<+kbZ esa vPNk FkkA

1964 esa gh eè;çns'k fgUnh lkfgR; lEesyu esa tcyiqj foÜofo|ky; esa ch-,- fgUnh esa lokZfèkd vad ikus okys fo|kFkÊ dks lqHkæk dqekjh pkSgku Lo.kZind nsus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA ijh{kk ifj.kke vk;k rks eq>s gh lokZsÙke vad feys Fks&150 esa 117 ;kus çkoh.;A ckcwth us ml oä Lo.kZind nsus dk fu.kZ; LFkfxr djok fn;k fd os Lo;a lEesyu dh dk;Zdkfj.kh ds lnL; Fks vkSj muds iq= dks Lo.kZind feyus ls xyr lans'k tk,xkA